Exemplos do passado, concretamente num dos grandes artigos sobre gestão jamais escritos:
The railroads did not stop growing because the need for passenger and freight transportation declined. That grew. The railroads are in trouble today not because the need was filled by others (cars, trucks, airplanes, even telephones) but because it was not filled by the railroads themselves. They let others take customers away from them because they assumed themselves to be in the railroad business rather than in the transportation business. The reason they defined their industry incorrectly was that they were railroad-oriented instead of transportation oriented; they were product-oriented instead of customer-oriented.
Harvard Business Review