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Bibliotecas na Era Digital

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 2 de Julho

FromPapyrus

Pela Drª José-Marie Griffiths (autora de “why the web is not a library”)

Dean, School of Library and Information Science

University of North Carolina @ Chapel Hill

Apresentação feita em 22 de Outubro de 2006 no Federal Depository Library Conference and Fall Depository Library Council Meeting

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Onde cabe o bibliotecário na biblioteca digital?

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

Borgman, C.L. (2001). Where is the librarian in the digital library? Communications of the ACM, 44(5), 66-67. Special issue on digital libraries.

Procurem e leiam… é muito interessante pois pergunta logo no 1º parágrafo:

  • Can we or should we do without the librarian in digital libraries?

E mais à frente:

When users retrieve tens of thousands of matches from digital libraries, many realize that searching and filtering information can be a complex task worth delegating to a professional. Selecting the matches that are most relevant, most current, and of highest quality requires considerable expertise, despite continuing improvements in the search refinement capabilities of digital libraries.

O que não deixa de ser uma vingança do chinês….

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A web não é uma biblioteca

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

Ainda no outro dia aqui falei disto:

Griffiths (1998) confronts the question of `why the web is not a library’. Her reasons include incompleteness of content, lack of standards and validation, minimal cataloging and ine€ective information retrieval. To this we add that the World-Wide Web is not an institution and is not organized on behalf of a specifiable user community.

A refência é para: Griffiths, J.-M. (1998). Why the web is not a library. In: B. L. Hawkins, & P. Battin, The mirage of continuity: reconfiguring academic information resources for the 21st century (pp. 229-246). Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources and the Association of American Universities.

A referência aparece em: “What are digital libraries? Competing visions” de Christine L. Borgman, publicado em Information Processing and Management: an International Journal Volume 35 ,  Issue 3  (May 1999). Special issue on progress toward digital libraries, Pages: 227 – 243 ISSN:0306-4573

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O que são bibliotecas digitais?…

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

Andava eu a consultar referências primárias e depois de ler muitas referências a “What are digital libraries? Competing visions” de Christine L. Borgman, publicado em Information Processing and Management: an International Journal Volume 35 ,  Issue 3  (May 1999). Special issue on progress toward digital libraries, Pages: 227 – 243 ISSN:0306-4573,  lá consegui o documento.

É um texto deveras lindo e historicamente muito exclarecedor:

A certa altura a Drªa Borgman (Department of Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles) adianta o seguinte aparte:

As is evident from the defenitions presented in the next section, librarians tend to take a broad view of the concept of a `library’. Stated in general terms, they see libraries as organizations that select, collect, organize, conserve, preserve and provide access to information on behalf of a community of users. […]With the advent of computer networks and digital media, libraries will employ yet another delivery system for yet another form of media.

In this sense, the term `digital library’ connotes `the future library’, in which the institution is transformed to address the new environment in which it exists.
[…]
Most of the defenitions arising from the research community, especially those set forth by computer scientists, tend toward a narrower view of the concept of a `library’. Their emphasis is on databases and information retrieval and thus on collecting, organizing and providing access to information resources.[…] The narrow scope of the term `library’ follows from earlier uses in computer science research and practice in reference to any collection of similar materials.
[…[ To the computer scientists]] The term `digital library’ serves as a convenient and familiar shorthand to refer to electronic collections and conveys a sense of richer content and fuller capabilities than do terms such as `database’ or `information retrieval system’. […] Predictions by computer scientists of a declining role for librarians in a digital age (e.g. Odlyzko, 1995, 1997; Schatz, 1997) are predicated on a constrained view of the present and future role of libraries.

Despite the tensions between these perspectives, the communities have not engaged in direct discussion to the extent that might be expected.

E agora para o que me deixou maravilhado:

On the research front, some in library and information science (LIS) take computer scientists to task for reinventing their research on organization of information, information retrieval, user interfaces and related topics; they are more likely to do so in conference discussion sessions or in private than in print, however. Computer science researchers counter that LIS researchers are bound by a narrow paradigm and pay insucient attention to computer science accomplishments.
[…]
The diversity of meaning of the term `digital library’ continues to be evident in conference programs, however, with odd juxtapositions of papers that bear more similarity in title than in content.

E depois então vêm as diversas tentativas de enquadramento do conceito “biblioteca digital” que tornam este artigo num dos mais citados a partir da sua publicação em 1999 (em termos de biblioteconomia digital praticamente a pré-história).

PS:as referências, as referências…

Odlyzko, A. M. (1995). Tragic loss or good riddance? The impending demise of traditional scholarly journals. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 42, 71±122.

Odlyzko, A. M. (1997). Silicon dreams and silicon bricks: the continuing evolution of libraries. Library Trends, 46(1), 152±167.

Schatz, B. R. (1997). Information retrieval in digital libraries: bringing search to the Internet. Science, 275(N5298),
327±334.

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links for 2007-07-01

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

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Internet Librarian

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

Dia -1

1:30 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.

Workshop 1 — Social Tools for Your Library (Aaron Schmidt)
ou
Workshop 8 — AJAX for Libraries
Dia 0
9:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. FULL DAY

Workshop 11 — Academic Library 2.0  ( Amanda Etches-Johnson ,  Chad Boeninger , Michelle Boule ,Meredith Farkas, Jason Griffey )
1º Dia

9:00 a.m. – 9:45 a.m.

OPENING KEYNOTE — 2.0 & the Internet World

4:15 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.

Session D106 — User-Generated Content (Roy Tennant)

5:00 p.m. – 6:30 p.m.

Exhibit Hall Grand Opening Reception
2º Dia

9:00 a.m. – 9:45 a.m.

KEYNOTE — Reference 2.0: Ain’t What It Used to Be . . . And It Never Will Again

1:30 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.

Session C203 — How to Lose Your New Tech Librarian & Tech Training

7:30 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

Gadgets, Gadgets, & Gaming!
3º Dia

10:30 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.

Session A301 — Alternative & Customized SEs (Mary Ellen Bates)

11:30 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.

Session A302 — Search Engine Strategies (Greg Notess, Search Engine Showdown)
ou
Session C302 — Designing an OPAC for Web 2.0 (Casey Bisson)

1:45 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.

Session A303 — Keeping One Click Ahead: Best of ResourceShelf (Gary Price)
ou
Session B303 — Folksonomies and Tagging: Libraries & the Hive Mind

3:45 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.

CLOSING KEYNOTE: Gaming, Learning, & the Information World

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Internet Librarian International

Publicado por Julio Anjos em 2007, 1 de Julho

ILI07

Dia 0- 7 de Outubro de 2007

14:00 – 17:00

M4 — Communicating, Influencing and Negotiating for Results: The Human Face of Collaboration
1º Dia – 8 de Outubro de 2007

09:00 – 10:00

OPENING KEYNOTE: Next Generation Libraries: The 2.0 Phenomenon  (Stephen Abram)

10:30 — 11:30

Session A101 – Implementations of Library 2.0 (Júlio Anjos)

12:30 — 13:45

Almoço 

13:45 — 14:30

Session B103 – 23 Things (Helene Blowers)

14:45 — 15:30

Session B104 – Information Literacy

16:00 — 17:15

Session A105 – Blogging Inertia and 2.0 Scepticism

17:00 — 18:00

Recepção e Buffet
2º Dia – 9 de Outubro de 2007

09:00 – 10:00

Session C201 – What the Search Engines are up to Now

10:30 – 11:30

Session C202 – New Varieties of Search

11:45 – 12:30

Session B203 – Who are the Users and What are They Doing? (John Law)

12:30 — 13:45

Almoço 

13:45 – 14:30

Session B204 – Preserving History (Uma espécie de BDEIE cruzada com PCD, praticada na Indía)

15:45 – 16:30

CLOSING KEYNOTE: Facing the Challenge of Web 2.0 as a Disruptive Technology (Phil Bradley)

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